UNESCO World Cultural Heritage
UNESCO-Welterbe in Trier
In 1986 the Porta Nigra, the Amphitheater, the Kaiserthermen, the Barbarathermen, the Römerbrücke and the Konstantin-Basilika were included in the list of UNESCO World Cultural Heritage sites, together with the Dom and Liebfrauen churches and the Igeler Säule a little way outside Trier. These nine buildings, seven of which are Roman, have now been on the World Cultural Heritage list for more than 30 years. They highlight the impressive history of Trier as the oldest city in Germany, the capital of the Western Roman Empire during late antiquity and the residence of Emperor Constantine. Major Roman buildings from the time of Constantine the Great still mark the cityscape of Trier today.
According to the World Heritage Convention of 1972, amongst other things the universal value of a property is crucial to its status as world heritage. The recognition of a large number of monuments in just one city thus once again indicates how exceptional the world cultural heritage in Trier is. The Preamble of the Convention states “[…] Considering that parts of the cultural or natural heritage are of outstanding interest and therefore need to be preserved as part of the world heritage of mankind as a whole […]”.
The Porta Nigra, the Amphitheater, the Kaiserthermen and Barbarathermen, and the Igeler Säule belong to the Generaldirektion Kulturelles Erbe Rheinland-Pfalz (GDKE). The GDKE is the highest authority at state level with responsibility for historic monuments, the preservation of monuments and archaeology, and it thus ensures that the genuine character and unspoiled nature of this cultural heritage are preserved. The aim of the overall project “Trier-Centre of Antiquity”, which also includes the Rheinisches Landesmuseum and the excavation site at the Thermen am Viehmarkt, is to make these Roman UNESCO works accessible and visitor-friendly, and provide key information there.